Montreal Protocol, Chemicals and POPs Management
The Montreal Protocol & Chemical Management portfolio is an active portfolio to support the reduction of consumption and production of Ozone Depletion Substance (ODS) to fulfill China’s commitment in the Montreal Protocol and its amendments and the elimination of the Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in line with the Stockholm Convention.
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are a series of hazardous chemical pollutants originating from pesticides, industrial chemicals, and byproducts of industrial production. They accumulate in body tissues of living organisms and are subject to long-range transport. POPs have adverse effects on humans and/or ecosystems.
Ozone Depletion Substance (ODS) such as HCFC (Hydro chlorofluorocarbons) contain elements such as chlorine and bromine, which cause the thinning of the ozone layer when they react with the stratospheric ozone.
What we do?
As the lead agency for the HCFCs phase-out plans in the Industrial and Commercial Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (ICR) and Solvent sectors, UNDP has been working with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office Ministry of Environmental Protection (FECO/MEP) in extending a new stage of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) phase-out for compliance with the Montreal Protocol and on curbing the releasing of POPs through establishing policy and regulations and introducing and demonstrating innovative industrial practices.
Environmentally Sound Management Throughout the Life Cycle of Electronic Equipment and Associated Wastes
China is considered the world’s largest current processor of e-waste derived from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) recycling, accounting for approximately 70% of global generation. WEEE production in China reached 3.5 million tons in 2011 and the number is expected to soar as the result of economic growth more
Reduction and Elimination of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in China Alternatives to DDT Usage in the Production of Antifouling Paint
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) can circulate globally and negatively impact the environment they are found in. In China, DDT is added to marine anti-foul paint, to form a toxic layer over the painted area which can kill marine fouling organisms and thus achieve the desired effect more
China ratified the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) in 1991 and in doing so committed to comply with ODS phase out targets. The XIXth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in September 2007 adopted an accelerated phase-out schedule for HCFCs, for their Ozone Depleting Potential (ODP) and Global Warming Potential (GWP).more