Provincial Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Capacity Building and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Accounting Methodology for Enterprises of Key Industries
Provincial GHG inventories are important as they provide information on trends in GHG emissions and removals within the provinces. This in turn allows China’s policy makers to adopt measures to reduce emissions and increase removals in a more effective and reliable manner. Under this context, the Norwegian-supported UNDP GHG project, has been designed and implemented to assist the Government of China to better address climate change through capacity building and building up a sound Greenhouse Gas emission accounting system at enterprise level for carbon trading, as before the inventories were inadequate for the task.
In order to lay a good foundation for local governments to develop climate change policies and accomplish GHG control targets, the project will use "Guidelines on Provincial Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory (Trial)", issued by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), as teaching materials, to implement training activities nationwide and strengthen the capacity of related local governments and agencies.
Secondly, among other preparations being made for GHG trading and permit allocation, the project will develop a set of GHG accounting methodologies for certain industries, as well as GHG reporting and verification methodologies, by combining analysis of common industry characteristics and the typical manufacturer profile in sectors such as power generation, iron & steel, cement, glass, nonferrous metal, chemicals and aviation industry in China with existing relevant accounting methodology.
Thanks to the implementation of the GHG project, provincial capacities in building province-specific and sector-specific GHG inventories and therefore China’s overall preparedness have been enhanced, making it possible to commence nationwide Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) involvement. This should occur by 2015 following the launch of ETS pilots and making use of Norwegian ETS expertise, which contributed to the EU ETS and has been used in designing China’s own ETS system through exchanges between Chinese and foreign experts.
There are several other major outputs that have been reached on schedule. Training materials for provincial greenhouse gas emissions inventory capacity building activities have been developed with provincial participation on a regional basis. Preparation has been made for the training activities to proceed.
Surveys and research have been conducted on existing enterprise-level greenhouse gas emission accounting methodologies in the Chinese sectors being targeted by the project.
The project has successfully drafted a set of GHG accounting methodologies and a set of GHG reporting and verification methodologies, by combining analysis of industry characteristics and typical manufacturer profiles in the targeted sectors in China with the existing relevant accounting methodologies.
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