Human Resources Development and Government Capacity Building to Achieve Xiaokang/MDG Targets

The Challenge

China’s high economic growth over the last thirty years has lifted some 500 million people out of poverty. However, this rapid growth has come with costs such as increased social inequality and environmental degradation. Since entering the 12th Five-Year Plan period China has entered a new development stage focusing on consolidation, which is very different from the previous three decades which focused more on “survival”. This is a substantial change that will call for a second round of reforms with more depth and breadth. China’s economic growth pattern needs to be transformed, to prioritise quality over quantity and trade stability for extreme growth. Second, social development and reforms need to be accelerated, to meet increasing demand for public services.

The Response

Inheriting the strengths of previous project phases, addressing the emerging challenges in China’s new development stage, supplementing other UNDP ongoing programs on policy development and capacity building, this HRD program (phase 5) seeks to strengthen the capacity for mid-level officials to better manage the MDGs / all-round Xiaokang progress, in parallel with the “Advanced Leadership” program which targets high level officials. 

Drawing upon other ongoing government capacity building programs, this project targets middle-level and grassroots leaders who are essential to policy implementation and institutional reforms.  This project will widen and deepen capacity building in selected sectors for some 3,000 additional mid-level leaders at the national and local levels with focus on strengthening government’s capacity to better implement the 12th five-year plan, particularly on restructuring economic growth, promotion of social services, enhancement of resource utilization and environment protection, and innovation of social governance mechanisms.  This component of the project will serve as an integral part of the capacity building program package developed by UNDP and China. The second component of the project will be the dissemination of experiences and lessons learned.


Approximately 150 training groups were organised for the project period from 2006 to 2011. This was broken down into about 30 groups each year and each group contained approximately 25 trainees. Mid-level government leaders in various sectors were trained. They are mostly from sub-provincial government agencies and national level departments. With the project’s support, these mid-level leaders acquired new perspectives of management and new knowledge of social and economic development relevant to the realization of the Xiaokang Society.

Who finances it?

Donor Amount
UNDP 3,108,000 USD
Government of China 16,800,000 USD

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