Advance Leadership Programme for a xiaokang Society (Phase III)

The Challenge

China has enjoyed remarkable economic development in recent years. However, this unprecedented growth is also characterised by urbanisation, industrialisation and modernisation, and directly leads to large-scale energy consumption, natural resource exploitation and environmental degradation. This in turn has been proven to be closely related to aggravated poverty and vulnerability in people living in affected areas. Ongoing global climate change also poses potential threats to people’s health and wellbeing. The 12th Five Year Plan has been developed to address these new development challenges. It aims to expedite the transformation of China’s development pattern to achieve more balanced, equitable and sustainable development.

The Response

meeting leadership training

This project was originally launched in 2004 to help China build a Xiaokang society by introducing a tested conceptual and operational framework to guide policy making and enhance the capacity of the senior officials to effectively provide leadership.  

Now in its third phase, this project is supporting the Government’s efforts to empower senior leaders to tackle new development challenges, and further enhance their understanding and commitment to Xiaokang society with focus on urbanisation, environmental protection/ low carbon development, and social management and crisis prevention. Educational links to discuss low carbon financing and crisis management are being conducted with Toronto University.  Drawing upon other expertise and knowledge resources, UNDP has provided experts to give lectures on green economy and low carbon financing during training sessions.


Thanks to this project more than 500 senior government figures in China have received international exposure to new ideas for promoting balanced development. The project has delivered training programmes to help broaden participants’ perspective as senior-level leaders, refresh their thinking, improve their management skills, and enable them to apply a more scientific outlook to development and to act on it accordingly.

Therefore by improving the capacity of China’s government, the project has helped to promote the realisation of Xiaokang society more efficiently than before.  After each training program, a series of policy-level recommendations are developed on topics such as the adoption of social measurement indicators, global action on climate change, tackling China’s ageing society and sustainable development. These have been put forward to China’s top leadership and these recommendations have been reflected in the country’s Five Year Plans.

Moreover, participants in the scheme have formally and informally shared their training with colleagues at all levels as they put their new training into use. A “training-of-trainers” approach has been adopted in the project.  In provinces such as Jiangsu, Hubei and Guangdong, it has now become compulsory for participants to give trainings locally. Consequently, the lessons learned from Phase III of the ALP have spread far wider than the original pool of 500 trainees.

Who finances it?

Donors Amount
UNDP US$2,000,000
Chinese Government US$1,000,000         

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