As one of the world’s largest multilateral development agencies, present in over 170 countries and territories, UNDP is on the frontlines of anticipating, understanding and acting on today’s opportunities and risks.
This report on UBI explores possible policy responses in China from two dimensions: behavioral insights and economic insights. The behavioral component looks at the social perspective and interprets some of the findings through a cultural dimension. The economic component outlines China’s current social ‘safety net’ policy landscape to examine the compatibility of UBI and the existing Chinese social security system.
Palm oil is among the most debated crop oil of our time and it fully embodies the trade-off between economic development and environmental degradation. The industry's booming expansion has triggered rapid biodiversity loss and accelerated climate change. It is the most profitable commercial crop oil and has the lowest production costs of all vegetable oils. It is also the most versatile, and is an ingredient in over half of all products in supermarkets worldwide.
This Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) has been prepared for the submission of the UNDP project proposal “Strengthening the Protected Area Network for Migratory Bird Conservation along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAF) in China” to the GEF. Its purpose is to assist in the assessment of potential environmental and social impacts.