UNDP Annual Report 2020
This Report takes a look at the results UNDP achieved with countries and communities through 12 intense months; and features UNDP’s global ideas and research on building forward better.
Aug 23, 2021
During the 75th United Nations General Assembly in September 2020, President Xi pledged that China will scale up its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) by adopting more vigorous policies and measures, striving to have carbon dioxide emissions peak before 2030 and to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. In December 2020, the State Council Information Office published a White Paper titled Energy in China’s New Era. The aim is to “provide a full picture of China’s achievements in its energy development [between 2012 and 2019] and its major policies and measures for energy reform”. In this note, we summarizes the White Paper, and then offers some policy-related insights. Mitigating unintended impacts and potential risks, and promoting a fair energy transition are underlined in points for further reflection. In addition, the annex presents a visual summary of the White Paper with simplified technical concepts to facilitate reading for a non-specialised audience.
Jul 23, 2021
The 14th five-year plan (FYP), covering the years 2021 to 2025, was officially endorsed by the National People’s Congress (NPC) on 11 March 2021. The Plan is divided into 19 sections and 65 chapters, touching on all aspects of development over the next five years, as well as presenting China’s 2035 vision. In this note, we focus on the climate and environmental-related strategies and guidelines presented in the Plan. The Plan’s environmental targets are broadly in line with the pace set in 2016 and more recent information provided by national data and research, in our view. The FYP indicates the general direction to a low-carbon transition. It touches on the energy mix, energy distribution, improving efficiency in resource utilisation, greening of all sectors, enhancing a green legal and policy environment, promoting the circular economy, as well as participating in and leading international cooperation on the climate change agenda.
Jul 23, 2021
The 14th five-year plan (FYP), covering the years 2021 to 2025, was officially endorsed by the National People’s Congress (NPC) on 11 March 2021. The Plan is divided into 19 sections and 65 chapters, touching on all aspects of development over the next five years, as well as presenting China’s 2035 vision. The Plan is wide in scope and addresses all three pillars of development – economic, social and environmental. Its main underlying narrative is one of continuity, with a few innovations and scaled up ambitions. In this note, we highlight the key novelties, challenges and strategies presented in the Plan, as well as cross cutting and recurrent themes and points for further reflection. A few areas may benefit from further strengthening and elaboration to put the guidelines into practice and set China on a solid path to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and meeting the Paris Agreement. In this respect, attention must also be paid to the sectoral FYPs, due by the end of the year, for more actionable details.