Support to the National Response to contain the impact of COVID-19

Situational Analysis and Strategy

On 31 December 2019, the Government of China reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan, the Capital City of Hubei Province. A novel coronavirus was identified in January 2020 (2019 n-COV). Since then, 81,008 cases have been reported in China with 3,255 deaths (as of 20 March 2020). While the rest of the world is grappling with dealing with the virus, China has shown signs of successfully containing the virus and moving to the recovery phase.

With support of the Central Government and the UN system including UNDP, China has set a poverty reduction target to eliminate extreme rural poverty by the end of 2020. While the impact of COVID -19 is still being assessed, initial data shows that the 5.5 million poor and the 11.1 million people just above poverty line are the most impacted and vulnerable.

Hubei Province, due to being the epicenter of COVID-19, was the most impacted. The province has 24 counties, 12 major cities, and is home to 59.02 million people. In 2019 Hubei ranked 7th in China for GDP. Also as of 2019, there were 17 counties designated as Poverty Counties.

 

Areas of interventions

 

Socio-Economic Impact and Needs Assessment

UNDP China published a report analyzing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Privately Owned Enterprises and SMEs, which provides recommendations on crisis response and recovery. The report is based on nearly real-time evidence, as well as an analysis of 10 online surveys covering over 78,000 SMEs and large POEs.

The CO is supporting the RCO/UNCT to undertake a Socio-Economic Assessment,  to assess the impact of the epidemic on poor households. UNDP support to the RCO/UNCT includes technical support for analysis, financial support for capacities as well as a UNDP led economic and social impact assessment to feed into the meta-analysis.

UNDP is also working with the government counterpart CICIETE to launch the economic and social impact assessment of COVID-19 on selected counties in China, to fully understand the impact of the pandemic on poverty regions and vulnerable groups, and the urgent needs of left-behind households. The survey led by UNDP will also incorporate UNFPA and UNICEF components to support the analysis.

Inclusive and Integrated Crisis Management and Response  

Spread the Word, Not the Virus” was UNDP China’s joint social media campaign with WHO, and came to a close with over 36 million views and a total of 50 different languages and dialects. The campaign’s community of netizens shared critical infection prevention information in particular for the benefit of people that might not otherwise have had access to it, such as the elderly and disadvantaged.

UNDP will also roll out an programme focused on the Poverty Counties. The programme adresses three areas: readiness to prevent a second wave; livelihoods and employment generation; and Poverty County recovery plans.

The CO published an Issue Brief on Universal Basic Income as a policy option for COVID-19 response. Amid a global public health emergency, UBI and similar options can be considered as part of a stimulus package of policies to address economic effects.

 

Health Systems and Procurement

Procurement of Medical Supplies: Urgent medical supplies worth approximately half a million have been procured. Critical medical equipment includes patient monitoring systems, infusion pumps, non-invasive ventilators and protective suits for health workers. The first shipment was successfully handed over to the Government and delivered to hospitals in February, while a second shipment of a total of 7,020 medical protective suits from Turkey and China were dispatched in batches with the final batch arriving in Beijing on March 5.

Private Sector Donations: Kits and testing equipment from the private sector were delivered to the Hubei Provincial Center of Disease Control and Prevention and Suizhou Central Hospital. Both the local and central governments have expressed appreciation to UNDP in helping to mobilize the donation of urgently needed medical supplies to address the emergency.

Together with the Montreal Protocol and Chemicals Unit (MPU/Chemicals) in New York, the CO also leveraged close relations with enterprises. The private sector donated 40 tons disinfectants to the local government of Enshi, in Hubei Province, while another 18 tons were delivered to Xiaogan, one of the cities most affected by the virus in Hubei.  

BUDGET  Output Required Available Gap
The total of UNDP China response plan budget requirement is  USD 5,570,000.
Socio-Economic Impact and Needs Assessment $ 70,000 $ 70,000 $ 0
Inclusive and integrated crisis management and response $ 5,000,000 $ 500,000 $ 4,500,000
Health System Support $ 500,000 $ 500,000 $ 0
Total $ 5,570,000 $ 1,070,000 $ 4,500,000

Links to Co Resources
Assessment Report on Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Chinese Enterprises

Issue Brief - Universal Basic Income – Findings from China & Implications for Responses in COVID-19

China's COVID-19 Experience  

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