SDG 15
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Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plant life provides 80 percent of our human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resource and means of development. Forests account for 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, providing vital habitats for millions of species and important sources for clean air and water; as well as being crucial for combating climate change.

Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. Drought and desertification is also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally. Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.

The SDGs aim to conserve and restore the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, drylands and mountains by 2020. Halting deforestation is also vital to mitigating the impact of climate change. Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage. 

China- Goal 15 in Focus

China has made a commitment that it will shoulder the responsibility of implementing the 2030 development agenda, and seek solidarity and cooperation to constantly push the cause of global development.

Learn more about Goal 15 and the opportunities and challenges China faces for reaching this goal by 2030, in this video from UNDP China's Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Agenda 2030/SDGs: http://open.163.com/undpsdgmooc

Goals in action

UNDP in Mali

Supporting Mali's women to adapt to climate change

Climate change has led to more drought and shorter rainy seasons in Mali. The government has partnered with UNDP to strengthen agricultural communities and empower women to mitigate the social and economic impacts of climate change. MORE >

Find out more about Goal 15 in China

Featuring: Shaozhi Chen, Director, The Research Institution of Forestry Policy and Information, Chinese Academy of Forestry & Chaode Ma, Programme Manager, UNDP China
UNDP in Venezuela

Another kind of gold mine: Culture

In the place where the Pemón people live, great table-top mountains tower above the rich green valley. In Pemón folklore, these mountains, called “tepui,” are home to the gods. MORE >