SDG 12
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Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources. Agriculture is the biggest user of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater for human use.

The efficient management of our shared natural resources, and the way we dispose of toxic waste and pollutants, are important targets to achieve this goal. Encouraging industries, businesses and consumers to recycle and reduce waste is equally important, as is supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption by 2030.

A large share of the world population is still consuming far too little to meet even their basic needs.  Halving the per capita of global food waste at the retailer and consumer levels is also important for creating more efficient production and supply chains. This can help with food security, and shift us towards a more resource efficient economy. 

China- Goal 12 in Focus

China has made a commitment that it will shoulder the responsibility of implementing the 2030 development agenda, and seek solidarity and cooperation to constantly push the cause of global development.

Learn more about Goal 12 and the opportunities and challenges China faces for reaching this goal by 2030, in this video from UNDP China's Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Agenda 2030/SDGs: http://open.163.com/undpsdgmooc

Goals in action

UNDP in Namibia

Protecting Benguela together

The meeting point between Namibia’s hot desert sands and the cold Benguela ocean current harbours rich biodiversity and some of the most abundant marine life concentrations in the world. MORE >

Find out more about Goal 12 in China

Featuring: Xiaodan Zhang, Chief Expert, Environmental Development Center of MEP & Weidong Zhang, Programme Manager, Energy and Environment Team, UNDP China
UNDP in Costa Rica

Pineapples on the path to sustainability

With support from UNDP, Costa Rica has introduced an action plan that fosters partnerships to promote production and trade that is responsible, fair, and in line with practices protecting the environment, the community and the general public. MORE >

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