China-Indonesia Study Tour Promotes Ozone-Friendly Technology ExchangeOct 27, 2017
The United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) recently organized a five-day Indonesian study tour to China, running from October 23 to 27, aiming to help Indonesian delegates and Chinese enterprises exchange knowledge on ozone-friendly technologies.
A total of 10 delegates from the Indonesian government (Ministry of Environment and Forestry), the Institute of Technology and private sectors participated in the tour, and visited seven enterprises located in seven Chinese cities – Tianjin, Nanjing, Suzhou, Shanghai, Zhuji, Hangzhou and Guangzhou.
The main objective of the tour was to facilitate the sourcing of Chinese ozone-friendly compressors for Indonesian manufacturers, with the overall goal of protecting the environment by reducing use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in Indonesia.
Hydrofluorochlorocarbons (HCFCs) are a class of chemicals being widely used in the industrial sectors, for example in the compressors of fridges and air conditioners. They contain harmful elements that when used in manufacturing industries emit ozone-depleting substances (ODS). Depletion of the ozone layer, which protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun, can lead to increased cases of skin cancer, as well as have a detrimental effect on wildlife and agriculture. Given its detrimental impact on the environment and human life, all parties to the Montreal Protocol, including China and Indonesia, reached an agreement to accelerate the phase-out of HCFCs in September 2007.
In Indonesia, the HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) Stage I has been in action since 2011, aiming to achieve specific phase out targets on the use of HFCFs by 2018. Between 2014 and 2015, the conversion process for four commercial air-conditioning companies in Indonesia that are eligible to receive support from the Multilateral Fund (MLF), a fund dedicated to reversing the deterioration of the Earth's ozone layer, was completed.
However, the companies still face challenges due to the lack of availability of ozone-friendly compressors and components to facilitate these companies to produce R-32 products, which are more ozone friendly, at a large scale. In this regard, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) requested UNDP to facilitate manufacturers in Indonesia to visit compressor manufacturers in China, with the aim to explore the readiness of China’s industry for supporting manufacturers in Indonesia.
China has several big manufacturers which are producing compressors and other components using ozone-friendly technology. Hence, site visits to China can help Indonesian manufacturers in identifying suppliers who can help them to fulfil targets for production of ozone friendly products.
The tour provided a great opportunity for delegates to interact with Chinese enterprises, allowing them to develop a comprehensive understanding of the Chinese enterprises’ approach to R32 refrigerant compressor technology. In addition, they gained insight into the products’ performance and marketing strategy, as well as Chinese policies towards ozone-friendly products.
With this knowledge, Indonesian entrepreneurs are able to compare the products, which may help them to select suppliers in a way that can more effectively meet their challenges. By purchasing technology and products that are ozone-friendly, Indonesian manufacturers and government can sustain their efforts in reducing the use of chemicals that result in ozone depletion.
“Thanks to the tour, we have been given some future options for the enterprises to phase out chemicals damaging the ozone layer”, said one of the participants from the 10-people Indonesian delegation.
Throughout the five day tour, productive dialogue was developed between the enterprise in the two countries on knowledge and technology sharing. China’s South South Cooperation (SSC) model supports this form of knowledge exchanges and the contributions it can make to developments in participating countries.
UNDP has been calling global partnership which is one of the United Nations 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to stimulate countries’ sustainable development in many aspects. The one-week study tour has turned out to be helpful in achieving the goals, helping the Indonesian team to identify approaches to tackling key environmental issues.
In the future, UNDP hopes to continue to play a role as a knowledge broker, capacity development supporter and partnership facilitator, encouraging countries to work together to meet environmental and climate challenges, driving progress towards achievement of the SDGs.