Bigger Plans for the Stronger Ozone ProtectionMay 27, 2016
Montreal, Canada---The 76th meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MP) was held in Montreal, Canada from May 8 to 13th. Together with representatives from the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO), Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), China Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Industry Association (CRAA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) China participated in the meeting and submitted 3 HCFC Phase-out Management Plans (HPMP) and one demonstration project proposal to the Ozone secretariat on behalf of the Chinese government.
Ozone Depletion Substance (ODS) such as HCFC (Hydro chlorofluorocarbons) and CFC (chlorofluorocarbons) contain elements such as chlorine and bromine, which cause the thinning of the ozone layer when they react with the stratospheric ozone. In addition, ODS contributes greatly towards greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The Montreal Protocol and its amendments, ratified by 197 countries, set out a schedule to reduce consumption and production of ODS and the accelerated HCFC phase-out plan was agreed in September 2007 to freeze the ODS consumption and production from the Article 5 countries (developing countries) at the baseline established at the 2009 and 2010 average level by 2013, and to reduce the rate by 10% by 2015, 35% by 2020, and 67.5% by 2025.
As one of the four implementing agencies for the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the MP, UNDP has been assisting China to fulfill its commitment on reducing the ozone depleting substances (ODS) since 1994. Together with FECO, the main government agency in charge of MP implementation in China, UNDP projects have phased out 8450 metric tons of HCFC in the Industrial and Commercial Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (ICR) sector, and have collectively helped China reduced the HCFC consumption to 2617.7 ODS tons and reached its aimed target by 2015.
Since the inception of the Fund, the Executive Committee has held 75 meetings. During these meetings, the Executive Committee approved the expenditure of approximately US $3.32 billion for the implementation of projects including industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building that will result in the phase-out of controlled ODS.
As the world biggest for HCFCs production and consumption country, China has made great commitment to comply with the Protocol and promised a big plan for the HCFCs Phase out Stage II in terms of the phase-out volume and financial support. The newly submitted HPMPs for the next 5 years for the over-arching sector plan, as well as the ICR sector and Solvent sector, will contribute to China’ s overall HCFCs Phase-out Management Plan to achieve the 35% HCFCs consumption reductions by 2020.