Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

 Chinese farmer

Since the reform and opening up in the late 1970s, the Chinese Government has implemented extensive poverty alleviation with an aim to secure subsistence for poor rural residents.

Highlights

  • The poverty-stricken people in China decreased by 439 million, from 689 million in 1990 to 250 million in 2011. China has made great contributions to the global poverty reduction efforts.
  • The number of employed people in China was 773 million in 2014, and that among urban population was 393 million. From 2003 to 2014, altogether 137 million new jobs were created in urban areas, whose registered unemployment rate over the past ten years was kept below 4.3%.
  • The number of people with malnutrition in China made up 23.9% of its entire population from 1990 to 1992, which declined to 10.6% from 2012 to 2014. China’s underweight children accounted for 19.1% of all children under five in 1990, which declined to 3.6% in 2010, down by 81.2%. Prevalence of stunting among children under-five years old dropped from 33.4% in 1990 to 9.9 percent in 2010, down by 70.4%.

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Target 1A: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day

Already met

Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

Basically met***

Target 1C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Already met

***By the end of 2014, the total number of employment in China was 772.53 million, and urban registered unemployment rate was 4.09%. From 2003 to 2014, a total of 137 million new jobs were created in urban areas.

Target 1A: halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day

China has made great contributions to the global poverty reduction efforts, working hard to decrease poverty-stricken people in China by 439 million as well as working to actively participate in global poverty reduction cooperation through hosting the Poverty Reduction and Development Forum on the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty every year since 2007, among other initiatives. 

Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

The overall number of employed people, including number of women and youth keeps growing and the employment ratio in urban areas has steadily increased. In 2014, China’s GDP reached RMB 63.6 trillion, which was 6.5 times that of 2000. Fast economic growth has underpinned continuous growth of jobs with altogether 773 million people in China being employed, including 393 million from urban areas in 2014. In 2014, the number of employed women made up 44.8% in the entire employment in the country. Moreover, in 2014 there were 7.13 million college and postgraduate graduates, with the primary employment rate being 77.5%, and the primary employment rate for college graduates exceeding 70% for 12 consecutive years. 

Target 1C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

China has achieved the goal of halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger ahead of schedule as well as raised children’s nutritional level and improved dietary structure. The number of people with malnutrition in China between 2012 and 2014 dropped by 138.1 million compared to that between 1990 and 1992, and the proportion of the population with malnutrition to the entire population dropped from 23.9% between 1990 and 1992 to 10.6% between 2012 and 2014, down by 55.6%. China’s underweight children accounted for 3.6 % of all children under five in 2010, down by 81.2% than the ratio of 19.1% in 1990. Grain supply has also steadily increased with the annual per capita grain possession being 393.1 kg, 366.1 kg and 408.7 kg in the year 1990, 2000 and 2010 respectively. 

Challenges Ahead

China still has a large poor population with particular needs. By 2014, China still has 70.17 million poverty-stricken rural people according to the rural poverty alleviation line (RMB 2,300 per year for each resident at 2010 constant price) set by the Chinese Government. Based on the World Bank poverty line (USD 2/day), China had 250 million poor population in 2011. The contiguous areas with special difficulties are troubled with problems as fragile ecological environment, special social formation, insufficient public services, and serious endemic diseases, which make poverty reduction more difficult and costly. Pressure to prevent people from sliding back into poverty is also high. 

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