Poverty Reduction

China has made great leaps in reducing poverty and reaching the benchmarks laid out in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), lifting more than 500 million of its citizens out of extreme poverty over the last three decades. However, there remain areas that are still in need of improvement. Not everyone has been able to benefit equally from the development and economic growth, with rural and ethnic minority areas lagging behind. For China it is crucial to adopt a growth pattern that enables poor people to have better livelihoods and to achieve equitable and sustainable development for all.

Our Goals

UNDP works to assist the government in ensuring that the benefits of China’s rapid advances in so many areas are enjoyed by all. UNDP’s approach emphasises tackling the causes of poverty, rather than merely alleviating its symptoms, and influencing attitudes among stakeholders accordingly. We also seek to ensure that cultural identity is preserved, finding solutions that allow those living in poverty to take advantage of their heritage to improve their livelihoods, rather than sacrifice it.more

Poverty Reduction & Equity

Yi minority group in Chuxiong, part of a UNDP culture-based ethnic minorities project.more

The Living Standards Dimension of the Human Development Index

UNDP-CH-PEG-Living Standard Dimension for Human Development Index_Map based on Living Standard Index

Measuring Poverty with Big Data

Partnering with Baidu to provide big data, the report brings a measure called the Living Standard Dimension of the Human Development Index that addresses the multi-faceted and complex nature of poverty by combining eight indicators to evaluate the provision of services of the 2,284 counties across the country. The eight indicators include: access to piped water, access to sanitary toilets, access to indoor kitchens, access to living services, access to financial services, access to roads, mobile internet coverage, and nighttime light density.

The Living Standards Index serves to support income-based measures of poverty and hopefully become a supplementary tool to assist policy makers and development practitioners. The Index ranks Zhejiang and Jiangsu in first and second place respectively, followed by Beijing and Shanghai. In addition, Ningxia ranks 11th and is the only autonomous region to have an index value that exceeds the country average.

To view the report and check out the Interactive Visualisation Map here

Youth Solution Trip

“Youth Solution Trip” is an initiative by UNDP China to support youth leadership and engage younger generations in solving the social challenges facing China today. With full support from UNDP and its’ partners, talented young people passionate about development issues now have the opportunity to visit UNDP programme sites across the country. Gaining a deeper understanding of local social and economic contexts, the young leaders are expected to combine their expertise and experiences obtained from the trip to produce solutions for the most pressing local challenges.

Our Stories

Mosuo in the World Market: From Remote Village in China to Modern Mall in Singapore

Growing up, woman artisan Luru-Dashima never imagined such a possibility: her scarves, resplendent in colour and painstakingly hand-woven, sit atop shiny modern surfaces in Tangs, an upscale Singaporean department store. This year, for its Christmas sale, Tangs chose products not from one of Europe’s famous fashion houses but rather from villagers located in a remote part of Yunnan Province, China.more 

From 22 days to 22 Seconds: Modernising China’s Customs Administration

It was not so long ago that anything entering or leaving China would have been subject to a long customs clearance process. To the average person this process might have seemed insignificant, but for the millions of young entrepreneurs looking to make the most out of economic reforms this used to represent one of their biggest obstacles when competing in global markets. more 

Weaving Tradition and Innovation into Poverty Reduction

Eighty year old Dao Yuanxian learned to embroider when she was just seven years old. She has practised this art throughout her life and recalls that her wedding dress was her finest work. Yet, in Dao's village of Ping Zhai, a Huayao Dai minority community in China's southwest Yunnan Province, her traditional skills are at risk of being lost.more 

Enhancing China’s South-South Policy Dialogue on Poverty Reduction

South-South cooperation is making a growing contribution to global efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. China’s rapid growth and development has caught the attention of many developing countries across the world, who are increasingly keen to learn from its experiences, especially in relation to poverty reduction.more 

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Video: The Ethnic Minorities Cultural Products Development Project

Projects and Initiatives

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Latest Publications

  • Internet Philanthropy in China

    According to a recent Chinese government statistical report, the number of netizens in China reached 710 million in June 2016, with over 23 million users giving charitable gifts online. To provide a deeper analysis of the innovations that are transforming the philanthropic sector in China and the vast opportunities provided by the internet, UNDP China's report, entitled ‘Internet Philanthropy in China’ introduces the experience of internet philanthropy in China and provide recommendations on how to maintain its fast-paced growth and potential to contribute to the SDGs.more 

  • Report on Sustainable Financing for Poverty Alleviation in China

    This report on the Sustainable Financing for Poverty Alleviation in China has been jointly released by UNDP China and the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences of the Ministry of Finance. This report represents the first systematic attempt at reviewing and mapping the current financial landscape for poverty alleviation in China, as well as assessing how effective such financing is.more 

  • The Living Standards Dimension of the Human Development Index

    Partnering with Baidu to provide big data, the report brings a measure called the Living Standard Dimension of the Human Development Index that addresses the multi-faceted and complex nature of poverty by combining eight indicators to evaluate the provision of services of the 2,284 counties across the country. The eight indicators include: access to piped water, access to sanitary toilets, access to indoor kitchens, access to living services, access to financial services, access to roads, mobile internet coverage, and nighttime light density.more