Poverty Reduction

China has made great leaps in reducing poverty and reaching the benchmarks laid out in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), lifting more than 500 million of its citizens out of extreme poverty over the last three decades. However, there remain areas that are still in need of improvement. Not everyone has been able to benefit equally from the development and economic growth, with rural and ethnic minority areas lagging behind. China is working to respond to the demand for participation in political and social affairs. UNDP engages with China on issues of equity and develops more responsive and accountable public service delivery and inclusive governance, in line with the priorities laid out at the Third Plenum of the 18th Party Congress.

Our Goals

UNDP works to assist the government in ensuring that the benefits of China’s rapid advances in so many areas are enjoyed by all. UNDP’s approach emphasises tackling the causes of poverty, rather than merely alleviating its symptoms, and influencing attitudes among stakeholders accordingly. UNDP also works with the Government by supporting the current 13th Five-Year Plan which includes goals to make the governance process in China more transparent, equitable and inclusive.more

Poverty, Equity and Governance


The Living Standards Dimension of the Human Development Index

UNDP-CH-PEG-Living Standard Dimension for Human Development Index_Map based on Living Standard Index

Measuring Poverty with Big Data

Partnering with Baidu to provide big data, the report brings a measure called the Living Standard Dimension of the Human Development Index that addresses the multi-faceted and complex nature of poverty by combining eight indicators to evaluate the provision of services of the 2,284 counties across the country. The eight indicators include: access to piped water, access to sanitary toilets, access to indoor kitchens, access to living services, access to financial services, access to roads, mobile internet coverage, and nighttime light density.

To view the report and check out the Interactive Visualisation Map here

Smart Cities and Social Governance: Promoting Community Engagement in Public Decision Making

Local governments need to address increasingly complex challenges and emerging social issues, and implement effective and inclusive city governance with limited resources. Smart city development, driven by big data and cloud computing, has the potential to bring profound changes in the governance of urban society. UNDP's Smart Cities and Social Governance project looks to ensure that community voices are included in public decision-making, tracking community using high-tech platforms to promote more inclusive, community-led city development

Our Stories

Mosuo in the World Market: From Remote Village in China to Modern Mall in Singapore

Growing up, woman artisan Luru-Dashima never imagined such a possibility: her scarves, resplendent in colour and painstakingly hand-woven, sit atop shiny modern surfaces in Tangs, an upscale Singaporean department store. This year, for its Christmas sale, Tangs chose products not from one of Europe’s famous fashion houses but rather from villagers located in a remote part of Yunnan Province, China.more 

From 22 days to 22 Seconds: Modernising China’s Customs Administration

It was not so long ago that anything entering or leaving China would have been subject to a long customs clearance process. To the average person this process might have seemed insignificant, but for the millions of young entrepreneurs looking to make the most out of economic reforms this used to represent one of their biggest obstacles when competing in global markets. more 

Abolishment of re-education through labour: strengthening rule of law and judicial reform

Tang Hui is one of many who have found themselves on the wrong side of the re-education through labour (RTL) system in China. After the sexual assault of her daughter in 2006, Tang was dissatisfied with the sentence handed to the seven offenders and raised her grievance with the verdict. As a result, she was sent to a camp under the RTL system without formal trial.more 

Street Children: Re-entering Society with New Skills and Confidence

To the average observer eleven year old Wang Nan and fifteen year old Li Dong (names have been changed to protect identities) look like any other boys their age. But what might seem like an ordinary life on the surface hides a quite extraordinary childhood. Roaming the streets in gangs by day, the boys spent their nights at ATM booths, begging for money and scavenging for supermarket giveaways and restaurant leftovers.more 

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Projects and Initiatives

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Latest Publications

  • Philanthropy for Sustainable Development in China

    UNDP China initiated a project called “Philanthropy for Sustainable Development in China” in collaboration with the China Foundation Center (CFC) in early 2017. Drawing on the CFC’s core data and existing platform, this collaborative project aims at comprehensively capturing and understanding the existing contribution of China’s philanthropic sector to the sustainable development goals. The key findings of the “Philanthropy for Sustainable Development in China” are based on a powerful database, in-depth data analysis, and present the results through various data visualization tools and a real-time publicly accessible platform.more 

  • Advancing the Human Rights and Inclusion of LGBTI People: A Handbook for Parliamentarians

    As mounting research and data reflects, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people all over the world continue to experience violations of their human rights and exclusion. This Handbook sets out relevant human rights frameworks and highlights the role of parliamentarians in implementing Agenda 2030, to ensure no one, including LGBTI people, is left behind. It offers practical tips, tools and resources designed to support parliamentarians to undertake legislative, representational and oversight activities that advance the rights and inclusion of LGBTI people.more 

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