What We Do
UNDP promotes sustainable human development to help build resilient nations and to empower people to build better lives. As the UN's development network, UNDP has drawn on world-wide experience for over three decades to assist China both in developing solutions to its own ongoing development challenges, and in its south-south cooperation and engagement in global development. Domestically, our work focuses on Good Governance, Energy & Environment, Poverty Reduction, and Disaster Management. In terms of global and south-south work, our focuses are trilateral cooperation in third countries, experience sharing on foreign aid systems, global and regional issues, private sector engagement, and sharing development experiences and lessons through south-south dialogue.
UNDP’s goals in China are closely linked to the government’s. As well as implementing measures to facilitate the achievement of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), we provide support to the government’s domestic development as part of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the focus of which is on reducing inequality, recalibrating the economy for more inclusive, stable growth, reducing the environmental impacts of China’s rapid development, and continuing China’s emergence as a key player on the global stage.
Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development
The purpose of this Human Development Report entitled “Social Innovation for Inclusive Human Development” is to explore policy options to help address the upcoming challenges through innovations in social policies and public administration.
China’s unique national conditions make it difficult to use precedents as reference or to duplicate international experience. Thus this report, based on experience and lessons, especially the experience of social innovation, makes suggestions to improve human development that is more inclusive with a reduced level of inequality.
Endosulfan Phasing-Out in China
Endosulfan is an insecticide that has been phasing out globally due to its acute toxicity, potential for bioaccumulation, and its role as an endocrine disrupter that can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Because of its threats to human health and the environment, a global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention in April 2011.
The Chinese government, as one of the first contracting parties, signed the Stockholm Convention on May 23, 2001. The State Council approved the National Implementation Plan (NIP) of the Convention in April 2007. This clearly highlighted that Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) should be fully banned on production and application aside from for acceptable purposes. Although China and India have successfully banned the use of endosulfan for fruit and tea tree pests in 2002, endosulfans are still used extensively in cotton and tobacco production in China.
Projects and Initiatives
Currently, Chinese companies are faced with a complicated international situation and a severe business environment while in the process of “going abroad”, many problems cannot be effectively addressed at the corporate level. Meanwhile, as the pace of “going abroad” increases, the international community continues to pay more attention to Chinese corporations’ sustainable development and their international performance of CSR, thereby expecting higher standards. more
China, the second largest economy in the world, has become the world’s largest energy producer and consumer. With its great dependency on fossil fuels, China became the largest emitter of greenhouse gases and has been seriously affected by air pollution.more
In recent years, Ghana has performed well in terms of increasing the share of electricity generation going to households from less than 40% in 2000 to 60% in 2010, and currently more than 70% of households nationwide have access to electricity.more
Although China has made enormous achievements in poverty reduction since economic reforms began back in 1978, progress among ethnic minorities still lags far behind national development standards. Ethnic minority groups account for 9% of Chinese population, yet make up nearly one third of its poor.more