Environment and Energy

China’s development in recent decades has seen impressive reductions in poverty and great improvement in other key indicators. However, this rapid growth has come at a cost, which has left China’s environment in poor shape and its consumption patterns unsustainable from an ecological perspective. Unless urgent action is taken, environmental degradation has the potential to negatively affect China’s hard-won development gains.

Our Goals

UNDP focuses on helping China achieve the goals of the 12th Five-Year Plan while also improving compliance with Multilateral Agreements such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and its Kyoto Protocol, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the UN Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants and the UN Convention on Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol. We do this by providing technical assistance for policy and legal reform, technology transfers and capacity building to address these issues.more

Biodiversity Conservation

Local herdsman protecting migratory birds, part of a UNDP biodiversity conservation project in Gansu

Video: Investing in Water

Our Stories

  • Improving Local Livelihoods by Protecting the Ningxia Desert

    “The cold winds from the north and the west blew up the sands, and all you could see was sand – everywhere,” recounted Liu Zhanyou, the Village Chief of Liuyaotou, Ningxia. The desert-like Ningxia environment is known for its harsh living conditions, making everyday life difficult for local villagers like Liu En. The Liuyaotou villagers, residing on the borders of the Mu Us desert where the annual precipitation is less than 250mm, have to rely on sheep husbandry as their source of income.more

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  • Sustainable Forest Management Boosts Development of Carbon Markets

    Testing a sustainable method that could help increase the forest’s ecological functions, in 2013 UNDP launched the UNDP-Macao Initiative for Carbon Sequestration through Sustainable Forest Management Project. Guo Shuhua, a local villager who used to depend on sheep herding for daily sustenance, was recruited by the forest management team and received maintenance training from forestry experts.more

Projects and Initiatives

Ningxia Anti-desertification and Livelihood Improvement

This project aims to assist the efforts of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Regional Government to better manage sand control initiatives and improve the livelihood of the selected dryland and desert affected regions of Ningxia. more

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Projects under the Small Grants Programme

As a corporate programme funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Small Grants Programme was established in 1992, implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF partnership, and executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS). SGP channels financial and technical support directly to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) for activities that conserve and restore the environment while enhancing people's well-being and livelihoods. SGP supports activities in these priorities - biodiversity conservation, abatement of climate change , protection of international waters, prevention of land degradation and elimination of persistent organic pollutants. With presence in more than 125 countries, SGP has awarded more than 14,000 grants worldwide. more

Featured Issue Brief
Fuel Cell Vehicle Development in China

With rapid industrialization, urbanization and growth since the 1990s, China has become the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy, and the largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs). These GHG emissions contribute to climate change, as well as severe air pollution that causes health problems around the country.  With the rapid growth in China’s auto market, transportation sector has taken account of 10 to 15 percent of the overall energy consumption in China. New energy vehicles like Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCVs) that powered by renewable hydrogen and emit nothing but water provides a solution to reduce the GHGs. This issue brief discusses the opportunities, challenges and the way forward for the FCVs development in China. 

Featured Publication
Briefing Paper on E-waste Recycling and Disposal & Low Carbon Development

The E-waste Recycling and Disposal & Low Carbon Development seminar, co-organized by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) China and Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of Ministry of Environment Protection (MEP), was held on January 21st, 2015. Stakeholders from various sectors convened in Beijing to discuss e-waste management, sparking debates on challenges and prospects of the e-waste industry. Positioned as an open and partnership-building platform, the seminar has successfully yielded an array of innovative solutions and unconventional ideas.

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