Environment and Energy

China’s development in recent decades has seen impressive reductions in poverty and great improvement in other key indicators. However, this rapid growth has come at a cost, which has left China’s environment in poor shape and its consumption patterns unsustainable from an ecological perspective. Unless urgent action is taken, environmental degradation has the potential to negatively affect China’s hard-won development gains.

Our Goals

UNDP works with key stakeholders in China, including the government and the public, to address environmental concerns in the country in line with the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), China’s 13th Five-Year Plan while also fulfill its commitment towards multi-lateral environment agreement. Under the Energy & Environment focus area, the Country Office has ran 4 main portfolios including Biodiversity Conservation; Climate Change Mitigation; Montreal Protocol & Chemicals Management; Alternative Livelihoods & Renewable Energy; and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme. more

Biodiversity Conservation

Local herdsman protecting migratory birds, part of a UNDP biodiversity conservation project in Gansumore

Investing in Water

Our Stories

Billboards of UNDP-China Hydrogen Economy Pilot on the city street of Rugao

Climate Change Mitigation

A Future with 0 Emissions- The official launch of the China Hydrogen Economy Pilot in Rugao more 

Staff distribute the promotional fliers to local herders

Biodiversity Conservation

Community Culture and Art Festival at Liangheyuan Nature Reservemore 

Women from the Straw Knitting Cooperative in Xianhe Village knit handicrafts out of straw

Alternative Livelihoods and Renewable Energy

Straws: From Unwanted Waste to Biomass Energy and Women Empowerment more 

Participants discussing the project proposals from China at the 76th Ex-Com meeting

Montreal Protocol & Chemical Management

Bigger Plans for the Stronger Ozone Protectionmore 

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China: Reducing Carbon Footprint

Projects and Initiatives

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Issue Briefs

  • UPOPs control in the Secondary Copper Production Sector in China

    Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that adversely affect human health and environmental quality when released into the air, water or soil. These pollutants persist in the environment, bio-accumulate through the food web, and cause great damage to human and animal tissue even in small quantities. This leads to damage in the nervous, immune, and reproductive systems or can causes developmental disorders, such as cancer. more 

  • Biodiversity Conservation in China

    As one of seventeen mega-biodiversity countries in the world, China harbors nearly 10% of all plant species and 14% of animals on earth. Biodiversity not only helps maintain the productivity of ecosystem, but also supports food security, helps humans adapt to the climate change, and provides important resources for medicine. Important as it is, the rapid social-economic development in China has put its biodiversity, and the genetic resources (GR) found within, under increasing pressures.more 

  • Fuel Cell Vehicle Development in China

    With rapid industrialization, urbanization and growth since the 1990s, China has become the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy, and the largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs). These GHG emissions contribute to climate change, as well as severe air pollution that causes health problems around the country. With the rapid growth in China’s auto market, transportation sector has taken account of 10 to 15 percent of the overall energy consumption in China. New energy vehicles like Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCVs) that powered by renewable hydrogen and emit nothing but water provides a solution to reduce the GHGs. This issue brief discusses the opportunities, challenges and the way forward for the FCVs development in China. more 

  • Air Pollution in China

    Air pollution in China has been making headlines around the world with hazardous haze blanketing Beijing for extended periods of time in 2013 and 2014, while a dust storm in March 2015 broke monitoring equipment in the nation’s capital. In early 2015, Under the Dome, a video by journalist Chai Jing that effectively communicated the scope of China’s air pollution problems to a popular audience went viral, wracking up over 200 million views, before being pulled from Chinese websites. There is no question that the problem is serious; however, air quality has been slowly improving in China since the 1990s.more 

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