Environment and Energy

China’s development in recent decades has seen impressive reductions in poverty and great improvement in other key indicators. However, this rapid growth has come at a cost, which has left China’s environment in poor shape and its consumption patterns unsustainable from an ecological perspective. Unless urgent action is taken, environmental degradation has the potential to negatively affect China’s hard-won development gains.

Our Goals

UNDP works with key stakeholders in China, including the government and the public, to address environmental concerns in the country in line with the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), China’s 13th Five-Year Plan while also fulfill its commitment towards multi-lateral environment agreement. Under the Energy & Environment focus area, the Country Office has ran portfolios including Biodiversity Conservation; Climate Change Mitigation; Montreal Protocol; Chemicals and POPs Management; Alternative Livelihoods & Renewable Energy; and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme.Find Out About the Environment and Energy Portfolios >

Biodiversity Conservation

Local herdsman protecting migratory birds, part of a UNDP biodiversity conservation project in Gansumore

Our Stories

A fleet of fuel cell buses help the Ministry of Science and Technology promote an environmentally-friendly Olympics, providing transport at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
Alternative Livelihoods and Renewable Energy

As urban air pollution reaches critical levels from decades of fast-paced growth, fuel cell buses could help reduce emissions.more 

Li and other tea farmers cultivating Xinyang Maofeng tea in the mountainous regions of Xinyang Municipal
Biodiversity Conservation

The Huaihe project is one part conservation, one part training, in the river basin that is key to tea plantations.more 

The façade of a new dwelling in Wangyu, built with energy-efficient bricks.
Climate Change Mitigation

The people in Wangyu village used to live with non-existent central heating. Now it is a model for energy efficient housing.more 

YANG LIQUN is an Engineer at the Hubei Provincial Solid Waste and Chemical Management and Pollution Prevention and Treatment Center
Montreal Protocol, Chemicals and POPs Management

Taking a life cycle approach to managing e-wastes makes a significant contribution to achieving targets for Sustainable Consumption and Production. more 

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China: Reducing Carbon Footprint

Projects and Initiatives

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Issue Briefs

  • Endosulfan Phasing-Out in China

    Endosulfan is an insecticide that has been phasing out globally due to its acute toxicity and its role in causing cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. more 

  • UPOPs control in the Secondary Copper Production Sector in China

    Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that adversely affect human health and environmental quality when released into the air, water or soil. more 

  • Biodiversity Conservation in China

    Biodiversity not only helps maintain the productivity of ecosystems, but also supports food security, helps humans adapt to the climate change, and provides important resources for medicine.more 

  • Fuel Cell Vehicle Development in China

    China has become the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy, and the largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs); transportation accounts for 10 to 15 percent of the overall energy consumption. New energy vehicles like Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) provide a solution to reduce the GHGs.more 

  • Air Pollution in China

    Air pollution in China has been making headlines around the world. There is no question that the problem is serious; however, air quality has been slowly improving in China since the 1990s.more 

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