UNDP works with key stakeholders in China, including the government and the public, to address environmental concerns in the country in line with both the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 13th Five-Year Plan. Under the Energy & Environment focus area, the Country Office has ran several main portfolios including ecosystems & natural resources; climate change; chemical management; livelihoods; and a small grants programme.

Ecosystems and Natural Resources

UNDP cooperates with government ministries including the State Forestry Administration, Ministry of Environment Protection and the Ministry of Agriculture to protect China’s natural resources by working on biodiversity preservation and ecosystem conservation. We also provide policy support to key policy documents - for instance China's National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP) approved in 2010, and subsequent provincial BSAPs.

Climate Change

UNDP works with government and international partners to develop low-carbon initiatives in China, such as the carbon-sequestration through sustainable forest management project run with Macao and the Beijing Forestry Carbon Administration. Other notable initiatives include work to adopt international energy standards for widely-used products such as fans, electric motors and rice cookers and the introduction of high-efficiency Compact Fluorescent Lamps as an alternative to traditional, inefficient incandescent light bulbs.  

UNDP also uses its global reach to connect China with global climate change initiatives such as regular UN Climate Change Conference (COP) events, as well as helping China to convene international seminars to discuss climate change.

Chemical Management

We have an active portfolio to reduce the use of environmentally-harmful chemicals such as DDT-based pesticides. Use of dicofol, a miticide formulated with DDT, has been completely eliminated in China in line with the Stockholm Convention and renewed national efforts in eliminating persistent organic pollutants (POPs). As the lead agency for the HCFCs phase-out plans in the Industrial and Commercial Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (ICR) and Solvent sectors, UNDP has also assisted the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection in extending a new stage of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) phase-out for compliance with the Montreal Protocol.


UNDP partners with government, the private sector and civil society to enhance the awareness of the poverty and environment nexus and demonstrate sustainable approaches for livelihood improvement of vulnerable groups, merged with ecological restoration in arid and semi-arid desertification-prone areas. Our pilot efforts in poor and remote communities are empowering ethnic minorities to participate in socio-economic and political life.

The enhancement of the poverty and environment nexus at national and provincial level is further promoted by UNDP through international forums, scaling up local green industries, low carbon agricultural development and strengthened Public Private Partnerships.

Small Grants Programme

Working with local NGOs and Community Based Organizations (CBOs), UNDP engages local communities to improve agro- and forest ecosystems to sustain ecosystem functionality; conserve mangroves, seagrass and reduce land-based ocean pollution; and to reduce POPs pesticides and mercury pollution at community level, while enhancing local people’s livelihood.

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