UNDP works with key stakeholders in China, including the government and the public, to address environmental concerns in the country in line with the recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), China’s 13th Five-Year Plan while also fulfill its commitment towards multi-lateral environment agreement.

Under the Energy & Environment focus area, the Country Office has ran portfolios including Biodiversity Conservation; Climate Change Mitigation; Montreal Protocol;  Chemicals and POPs Management; Alternative Livelihoods & Renewable Energy; and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme.

Biodiversity Conservation

Alt text for imageSurvey staff are identifying bird species (Photos by Lu Gang and Feng Erhui)

In line with the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, UNDP cooperates with central government ministries including the State Forestry Administration [SFA], State Oceanic Administration (SOA), Ministry of Environmental Protection [MEP] and the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), as well as local governments in more than 20 provinces to protect China’s biodiversity and ecosystem. By implementing biodiversity and ecosystem conservation projects, providing technical assistance and sharing international experiences for policy mainstream and legal reform, capacity building, public awareness, promote PPP and pilots for the soundness of biodiversity and ecosystems in China. 

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Montreal Protocol, Chemicals and POPs Management

 Residents in Zhaofeng District, Tianjin are taking handicrafts class at the heated centre

As the lead agency for the HCFCs (Hydro chlorofluorocarbons) phase-out plans in the Industrial and Commercial Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (ICR) and Solvent sectors, UNDP has been working with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office Ministry of Environmental Protection (FECO/MEP) in extending a new stage of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) phase-out for compliance with the Montreal Protocol and on curbing the releasing of POPs through establishing policy and regulations and introducing and demonstrating innovative industrial practices. 

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Cleaning Out the HCFCs

In 2011, China initiated the first stage of an initiative to phase out HCFCs, a chemical commonly used in the solvent industry that is highly destructive to the ozone layer. Since then, with continued guidance from UNDP, the medical devices, electronics and metals sectors have made great reductions in their use of HCFCs. These changes have contributed significantly to effrots to protect the environment and fight climate change, laid out under the Montreal Protocol. The initiative now moves into its second phase.

Alternative Livelihoods and Renewable Energy

 A fleet of fuel cell buses help the Ministry of Science and Technology promote an environmentally-friendly Olympics, providing transport at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games

Together with government partners, private sector and civil society, UNDP has been working on demonstrating sustainable approaches for livelihood improvement of vulnerable groups while restoring local environment through showcasing sustainable farming and water resources management. 

At the same time, this portfolio has also been working on promoting the development and wider adoption of renewable energy, especially biomass energy through public-private partnerships, to unleash the potentials of targeted poverty alleviation through development of biomass energy.

In order to mitigate climate change, UNDP China has also been engaged over a decade in introducing and promoting demonstration and commercialization of fuel cell vehicle technology, based on which an innovative umbrella programme, China Hydrogen Economy Pilots, has been developed to facilitate a shift to a sustainable and low carbon pathway in China. 

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Climate Change Mitigation

 The facade of a new dwelling in Wangyu, built with energy-efficient bricks.

To improve China’s compliance towards the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and its Kyoto Protocol, UNDP’s collaboration with government ministries including the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MOST) and Ministry of Agriculture (MOA], Ministry of Finance (MOF), National Government Offices Administration (NGOA) and local counterparts and related Associations to promoting energy efficiency practices in industries including lighting, buildings, logistics and motors by establishing technical standards, adjusting institutional arrangements alongside capacity building and demonstration to reduce the emission of GHGs in China and help mitigating climate change.

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