Earthquake Emergency Search and Rescue
In recent years, destructive earthquakes have happened with more frequency and unexpectedly around the world. According to statistics, a total of 17 earthquakes over magnitude seven occurred all over the world in 2016, such as the 13th April Myanmar earthquake of magnitude 7.2, Ecuador earthquake of magnitude 7.5, and the 17th April New Zealand earthquake of magnitude 8. The economies and societies in areas affected by these earthquakes were damaged significantly, and many communities are still experiencing the long term effects of massive destruction to their communities. Furthermore, the effects of earthquakes in one country often spread across borders into neighbouring countries, but cross-border collaborations to respond may not always be in place. As a result, reducing earthquake risk has become an indispensable task for achieving sustainable development, both in terms of saving lives and preventing affected communities from slipping back into poverty.
Earthquakes are impossible to prevent and extremely difficult to both detect and prepare for, and the destruction they can cause in only a few seconds can and has led to huge casualties in the past. Moreover, with the rapid pace of socio-economic development and urbanization, and an increasing global population, buildings are becoming larger and more complicated, increasing the the potential total damange that could be caused by an earthquake. In the event of an earthquake, emergency search and rescue efforts can often struggle, especially in their initial stages, due to the absence of readily available rescue equipment and personnel with emergency response skills. Consequently, strengthening cooperation and exchange of knowledge, equipment and skills related to earthquake emergency search and rescue response is becoming increasingly critical in areas where communities are at risk.
Sharing and Learning on Community Based Disaster Management in Asia Project (CBDM Asia Phase II)
Sharing and Learning on Community Based Disaster Management in Asia (Phase II) aims to promote disaster reduction and relief capacity building at the community level. The training courses on Earthquake Emergency Search and Rescue are mandated to improve earthquake emergency search and rescue capabilities of disaster management officials and residents from project pilot communities. Thus, earthquake emergency rescue responses can be carried out more quickly, efficiently and orderly, helping to minimize casualties, reduce economic losses and maintain greater social stability. Meanwhile, the training course can provide a platform for project stakeholders to learn, observe, exchange and communicate, which will help to improve the proliferation of skills such as self-rescue, coordination and command, medical aid, relocation and resettlement of community disaster managers and residents. This programme has the ultimate aim of making sure that people can be fully prepared for potential earthquake disasters in the future.