UNDP and the UN System
The objective of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is to deliver coherent, effective and efficient support to the Government of the People’s Republic of China to attain internationally agreed development goals, including the Sustainable Development Goals.
UNDP works with Government partners, UN agencies, civil society and development organizations in four broad programmatic areas: democratic governance, poverty reduction and equity, energy & environment and disaster management; with an additional emphasis on south-south cooperation enabling sharing of China’s development experiences with developing countries.
UNDP is also the custodian of the Resident Coordinator system, as mandated by the UN General Assembly. The UNDP Resident Representative serves as the UN Resident Coordinator of the UN System in China and he/she is the highest ranking UN official and the chief of the UN diplomatic mission in a country. The responsibilities of the Resident Coordinator cover areas of advocacy for the UN System, operational coordination, management coordination, humanitarian and emergency assistance, and annual reporting, appraisals and agreements.
The Resident Coordinator provides overall leadership for UN strategic initiatives and the operational framework for development assistance as the chair of the UN Country Team (UNCT). The UNCT, comprised of heads of UN agencies, supports the Resident Coordinator in order to ensure inter-agency coordination and decision-making at the country level. The main purpose of the Country Team is for individual agencies to plan and work together, as part of the Resident Coordinator System.
According to UNDP Administrator Helen Clark, “When we empower Resident Coordinators and UN Country Teams, streamline decision-making, and lay out clear lines of accountability, we do improve the coherence, effectiveness, and efficiency of the UN at the country level.”
As such, the effectiveness of the UN Resident Coordinator System is central to providing the highest quality support to national partners to achieve the MDGs, advance peace and stability and achieve sustainable human development.
The 2011-2015 United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) provides the basis for the UN-China partnership and coincides with the period of China’s 12th Five-Year Plan. The UNDAF is the common strategic framework for the operational in-country activities through which the United Nations System will support China to addresses national development challenges. The current agreement builds on the UNDAF 2006-2011 and is the result of extensive discussions with the Government and non-governmental partners of the UN.