6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

 poverty redution forum

As a developing country, China is not bound by the obligation of assisting other developing countries. Nevertheless, China has always regarded strengthening cooperation with other developing countries as a cornerstone of its foreign policy. China’s involvement in South–South Cooperation takes various forms and covers a wide range of fields, such as trade, investment and development cooperation, and constitutes an important part of the global South–South cooperation.

Since 2000, China has striven to provide assistance to more than 120 developing countries within the South–South Cooperation framework through many ways such as construction of infrastructure, agricultural and industrial projects, provision of various goods and equipment, dispatching experts for technical cooperation, medical teams and volunteers, offering emergency humanitarian assistance, and holding human resources training etc. From 2000 to 2012, China provided more than RMB 250 billion in aid to foreign countries. Additionally, from 1983 to 2012, 110,000 foreign officials and technical personnel were invited to attend seminars, study programmes and training courses in China in the fields of public administration, economy and trade, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry etc. China has built over 40 hospitals and 30 medical care centres abroad for malaria prevention and control, provided medical equipment and anti-malaria drugs, and dispatched medical teams to 53 countries. China is committed to helping other developing countries develop renewable and clean energy. To this end, China has assisted in building a batch of small clean-energy projects in other developing countries. China places great emphasis on multilateral and regional cooperation. It has actively supported and participated in many events held by the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization and International Monetary Fund as well as other international organizations.

Target 8A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

China has always advocated building an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory multilateral trade system. This includes participation in the WTO and WTO activities, such as Aid for Trade, to help other developing countries.

Target 8B: Address the special needs of the least developed countries

In 2008, Wen Jiabao announced zero tariffs on 95 percent of goods exported to China from the least developed countries as an aid to their economic development. By March 2013, Xi Jinping said that this was committed for 97 percent of goods. Since 2008, China has become the largest export market for these countries, accounting for a quarter of their total exports.

Target 8C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing states

Since 2002, China, Mongolia and Russia have engaged in seven rounds of negotiations on a China-Mongolia¬-Russia Transit Transport Agreement to make transport and bilateral investment more efficient, and to stimulate economic development in these countries. Since 2003, China has further worked with developing countries in the Almaty Programme of Action to achieve joint progress. China has cooperation initiatives with Pacific island countries and Caribbean countries.

Target 8D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries

China has always tried its best to fulfil international obligations to support the social and economic development of low-income countries. By the end of 2012, China had made a cumulative commitment of USD 615 million to the African Development Fund. China has also made commitments to the IMF and the Caribbean Development Bank in order to assist developing countries.

Target 8E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

China has sent medical teams to developing countries. It has offered huge numbers of free drugs also. Cooperating with local doctors, China has not only treated common diseases, but also delivered some complicated technical services like heart surgery. China has also integrated its traditional medical techniques like acupuncture and massage.

Target 8F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

 China has built a national communication network covering the whole country that connects to the rest of the world. In terms of both the network scale and number of users, China ranks first in the world. China has 1.155 billion mobile phone users and 581 million internet users. Many mobile businesses have flourished in China. The Chinese government attaches great importance to infrastructure construction. Broadband now reaches 43 percent of Chinese families. While striving to develop its own communication industry, China also encourages domestic companies to set out and help other developing countries. In Africa, initiatives have not only promoted the progress of African telecommunication technology, but also facilitated the all-round development of the African economy and society, including poverty relief, agricultural development, gender equality and addressing climate change.

1.34 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population