6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are

ethnic woman China

Promoting gender equality and women’s all-round development is not only vital to China’s development but, given China’s vast population, also significant for the progress of mankind. The Chinese Government attaches great importance to women’s development, makes gender equality a basic national policy and includes women’s development in its plans for national economic and social development.

Highlights

  • Since 2008, the net enrolment rate of primary schools has been above 99% for both boys and girls. China has basically eliminated gender disparity in primary and secondary school education.
  • There are a growing number of women participating in politics. The proportion of women among the delegates to the 12th National People’s Congress (2013), members to the 12th CPPCC National Committee (2013), and delegates to the 18th National Congress of the CPC (2012) was 23.4%, 17.8%, and 22.95% respectively, higher than that of the previous session.
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Target 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

Already met


 

Target 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

 

China has achieved gender equality in primary and secondary school education and is working towards securing a growing number of women in politics. In 2008, China fully realized nine-year free compulsory education for urban and rural areas, since then the net enrolment rate of boy and girl students in primary schools has stayed above 99%. Gender disparity between boys and girls in their enrolment rate has been fully eliminated. In 2014, there were 32.458 million girl students in secondary schools, accounting for 47.84% of the total number of students there; and 43.7196 million girl students in primary schools, accounting for 46.26% of the total number of students there. The ratio of boy to girl students in primary and secondary schools is basically consistent with the ratio of school-age children between boys and girls. 


The Chinese Government makes vigorous efforts to promote women's political participation which it regards as an important part of the gender equality cause. The government actively selects and cultivates female cadres, and encourages more women to be included into the decision-making group and leading organizations at all levels. 

Challenges Ahead

There is still a long way to go to eliminate violence against women and children. Family violence remains a reality for women in China. Moreover, women and children continued to be victims of trafficking. The representation of women in decision-making and management groups at all levels remains low. Ratio of women among deputies to the NPC has increased, but still lags far behind the UN’s 30% target of women in the parliament. Women cannot enjoy equal treatment with men in respect of employment, education and other areas. Chinese Government has made great efforts to eliminate employment discrimination, but due to the large number of overall labours, some employers still set up unreasonable requirements in the process of recruitment. 

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament