Belt and Road Initiative
China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an economic framework developed to increase connectivity between China and over 100 countries and international organizations, based on the ancient Silk Road land and maritime routes. The BRI aims to link different regions through infrastructure construction, transport and economic corridors and by bridging China with the rest of the world both physically, financially, digitally and socially.
UNDP and the People’s Republic of China signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in September 2016. The MOU outlined a strategic cooperation framework to enhance collaboration between UNDP and the Chinese government for the implementation of the BRI and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
During The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF), UNDP signed an Action Plan with the Chinese government to follow up on the MOU. The Action Plan aims to put the advancement of the cooperation in practice through: information exchange; projects cooperation; policy coordination; building partnership and capacity building.
Two flagship reports substantiate the engagement with a policy-informing perspective:
- The Third Global Governance Report, launched during the Belt and Road Forum, features the BRI alignment with the SDGs as engagement premise for maximizing the desired BRI impact.
- The 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas features sustainable business playing a critical role for the BRI implementation and SDG achievement.
An introduction to UNDP's cooperation with China on the Belt and Road Initiative
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Beijing – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of China represented by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) have strengthened ties for cooperation on sustainable development with the signing of an Action Plan for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The signing took place during the first official Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation organized by the Chinese Government on 14-15 May, in Beijing.
The Action Plan is a follow up to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on BRI signed last September at the margins of the 71st UN General Assembly. Building on the progress made so far, the action plan features key areas in which the cooperation can be taken forward to drive development results. Specifically, the objectives of the Action Plan will be focused on:
- Information Exchange: Sharing of data, communication, knowledge, information and research on selected BRI countries.
- Projects Cooperation: Projects implementation to be carried out in pilot countries.
- Policy Coordination: Organization of high-level dialogues and tailor-made seminars with specific themes and relevant stakeholders from participating countries.
- Building Partnership: Strengthen key alliances with government agencies and private sector for the effective implementation of selected projects.
- Capacity Building: Carry on specific programmes to support effective and coherent policy making and promote the sharing of development experiences.
Secretary-General’s remarks at the opening of the Belt and Road Forum
" The world today is at a critical juncture. We face both unprecedented challenges and unique opportunities, with the potential for widely contrasting futures."
Tegegnework Gettu: Official launch of the third Global Governance Report, The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
"This report explores the implications of the Belt and Road Initiative for sustainable development of partner countries, its modalities, and synergies with the existing global governance system, and provided suggestions for further action. "
Xu Haoliang: The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation – Policy Coordination Session
"The Belt and Road Initiative is a truly welcome platform for regional and global cooperation, significantly contributing to the effectiveness of global governance and economic cooperation. "
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A New Means to Transformative Global Governance Towards Sustainable Development
2017 Global Governance Report
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) offers a window of opportunity for sustainable development across and within countries. It represents an enormous potential for economic growth. Focused on the basic infrastructure that is critical for development and with a vast geographical scope, the BRI has the potential to influence sustainable development outcomes. Ambitious in its reach and scope, to ensure complementary advantages, the BRI needs appropriate coordination across participating countries to promote convergence of their development strategies.
This third Global Governance Report is dedicated to the potential contribution of the BRI to a sustainable development-centered global governance agenda. This is critical because while regional and global economic governance is progressing incrementally, it is doing so in a fragmented way. With its policy-informing approach, our analysis highlights that the transformative potential of the BRI largely depends on strategic management from within, by linking the home and host contexts.
Supporting the Belt and Road Regions to Achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas
In the face of a stagnating global economy, resurfacing “delocalization” and other global governance challenges, the Belt and Road Initiative stands out as a dynamic framework for development injected into an uncertain world and a propeller for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In such a context, Chinese enterprises “gone global” have become the core pillar for implementing the Belt and Road Initiative as well as realizing the 2030 Agenda in their host communities.
The 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas provides concrete analysis on the critical role of Chinese enterprises operating in the Belt and Road regions in supporting the host countries to realize the 2030 Agenda. The report consists of a survey of 543 Chinese enterprises operating in the Belt and Road regions, interviews to 38 stakeholder representatives, and a collection of 18 case studies of Chinese invested overseas projects.
Harnessing the Belt and Road Initiative as a Platform for Sustainable Development: Opportunities and Challenges
By Nicholas Rosellini- The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) represents a move away from standard development models that emphasize policy and institutional issues (and often accompanying conditionalities), towards a more investment-driven approach focusing on infrastructure, trade and jobs creation. It involves multiple sources of finance from the public and private sectors.
Harnessing International Cooperation for The Belt and Road Initiative
By Xu Haoliang: In a document published in March 2015, the Chinese government outlined five key areas of cooperation and implementation plans on building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. Known simply as The Belt and Road Initiative , this initiative is aimed at bolstering economic growth and regional cooperation between all participating countries.
Chinese Enterprises Overseas, Sustainable Development
and the Belt and Road Initiative
Chinese enterprises can play a critical role in supporting the Belt and Road regions to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, says the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas, launched during the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. This is the second report to review and provide recommendations on the sustainable practices of Chinese companies operating overseas.
Cooperation for Common Prosperity
- The Launch of the 2017 Global Governance Report
UNDP also launched the 2017 Global Governance report to inform and support the outcomes of forum. The report entitled `The Belt and Road Initiative - A new means to transformative global governance towards sustainable development’, was launched alongside their national counterpart, the China Center for International Economic Exchanges (CCIEE) and acts as a key knowledge product and resource for aligning BRI strategies and policies with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
UNDP and China to Cooperate
on Belt and Road
UNDP and the Government of China signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative. The MOU, signed by Ms. Helen Clark, Former Administrator of UNDP, and Mr. Xu Shaoshi, Chairman NDRC, is a strategic cooperation framework that aims to enhance collaboration between UNDP and the Chinese government for the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Strategic Partnership to Support
Sustainable Development along BRI
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the China Development Bank (CDB) held a High-Level Dialogue in Beijing, to strengthen a strategic partnership to support the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative BRI (BRI), and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). CDB has been officially recognized during the Belt and Road Forum as one of the implementing partners of the UNDP and the government of China’s ‘Action Plan’.