Belt and Road Initiative
China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an economic framework developed to increase connectivity between China and over 100 countries and international organizations, based on the ancient Silk Road land and maritime routes. The BRI aims to link different regions through infrastructure construction, transport and economic corridors and by bridging China with the rest of the world both physically, financially, digitally and socially.
UNDP and the People’s Republic of China signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in September 2016. The MOU outlined a strategic cooperation framework to enhance collaboration between UNDP and the Chinese government for the implementation of the BRI and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
During The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation (BRF), UNDP signed an Action Plan with the Chinese government to follow up on the MOU. Three flagship reports substantiate the engagement with a policy-informing perspective:
- The Third Global Governance Report, launched during the Belt and Road Forum, features the BRI alignment with the SDGs as engagement premise for maximizing the desired BRI impact.
- The 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas features sustainable business playing a critical role for the BRI implementation and SDG achievement.
- The Economic Development along the Belt and Road 2017, addresses the need for a framework to analyse BRI’s complexity and explores the implications of the BRI for sustainable development of partner countries.
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Beijing – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of China represented by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) have strengthened ties for cooperation on sustainable development with the signing of an Action Plan for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The signing took place during the first official Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation organized by the Chinese Government on 14-15 May, in Beijing.
The Action Plan is a follow up to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on BRI signed last September at the margins of the 71st UN General Assembly. Building on the progress made so far, the action plan features key areas in which the cooperation can be taken forward to drive development results.
- Information Exchange
- Projects Cooperation
- Policy Coordination
- Building Partnership
- Capacity Building
Secretary-General’s remarks at the opening of the Belt and Road Forum
" The world today is at a critical juncture. We face both unprecedented challenges and unique opportunities, with the potential for widely contrasting futures."
Tegegnework Gettu: Official launch of the third Global Governance Report, The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
"This report explores the implications of the Belt and Road Initiative for sustainable development of partner countries, its modalities, and synergies with the existing global governance system, and provided suggestions for further action. "
Xu Haoliang: The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation – Policy Coordination Session
"The Belt and Road Initiative is a truly welcome platform for regional and global cooperation, significantly contributing to the effectiveness of global governance and economic cooperation. "
A New Means to Transformative Global Governance Towards Sustainable Development
2017 Global Governance Report
This third Global Governance Report is dedicated to the potential contribution of the BRI to a sustainable development-centered global governance agenda. This is critical because while regional and global economic governance is progressing incrementally, it is doing so in a fragmented way.
With its policy-informing approach, our analysis highlights that the transformative potential of the BRI largely depends on strategic management from within, by linking the home and host contexts.
Supporting the Belt and Road Regions to Achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas
The 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas provides concrete analysis on the critical role of Chinese enterprises operating in the Belt and Road regions in supporting the host countries to realize the 2030 Agenda.
The report consists of a survey of 543 Chinese enterprises operating in the Belt and Road regions, interviews to 38 stakeholder representatives, and a collection of 18 case studies of Chinese invested overseas projects.
Enhancing Economic Development and the SDGs along the Belt and Road 2017
The Economic Development along the Belt and Road 2017
This report addresses the need for a framework to analyse BRI’s complexity. It suggests that with a shared vision, the BRI can create a viable model for long-term, sustainable economic growth, as long as the Sustainable Development Goals are given a central role in the BRI’s quest for economic prosperity.
With its policy-informing approach, the report explores the implications of the BRI for sustainable development of partner countries looking at the synergies and complementarities of the countries and regions engaging the initiative.
The launch of the 2017 Report on the Sustainable Development of Chinese Enterprises Overseas
Chinese enterprises can play a critical role in supporting the Belt and Road regions to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, says UNDP report.
Cooperation for Common Prosperity
The Launch of the 2017 Global Governance Report
The report acts as a key knowledge product for aligning the Belt and Road Initiative strategies and policies with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
UNDP and China to Cooperate on the Belt and Road – The Signing of a MoU on Belt and Road
UNDP and the Government of China signed a Memorandum of Understanding to enhance their collaboration on the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Economic Development along the Belt and Road
New Report Launched
The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has tremendous potential for offering public goods to the world population, says UNDP in the 'Economic Development along the Belt and Road 2017' report.
Harnessing the Belt and Road Initiative as a Platform for Sustainable Development: Opportunities and Challenges
By Nicholas Rosellini- The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) represents a move away from standard development models that emphasize policy and institutional issues towards a more investment-driven approach focusing on infrastructure, trade and jobs creation.
Harnessing International Cooperation for The Belt and Road Initiative
By Xu Haoliang: The Chinese government outlined five key areas of cooperation and implementation plans on building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.